Considering that more than 50% of the world’s population live in cities then it matters if and how those cities are livable. Urban livability – understood as how to facilitate positive and beneficial lifestyle patterns of people – is a crucial component of any sustainable approach. Just as a biologist evaluate an ecological system as being a suitable animal habitat, so can the quality of urban space be evaluated as being suitable for human habitat, fit to live in, conducive for human life. 

DIS: Strategies for Urban Livability semester lecture course, 2009-present
Oslo Architecture Triennale, lecture session 

Bicycle Urbanism consists of three interdependent urban systems: people mobility, environmental sustainability and social equity.  All three impact cities in terms of both urban hardware (infrastructure) and urban software (bicycle culture).

Copenhagen Bicycle Super Highways Design Manual, with Copenhagenize Design Co. (PDF)
Velo City 2010: Meet the Experts Panel + interview ‘The Bicycle as a Democratic Planning Tool’ Velo City World Cycling Conference 2010 news, 22 June 2010 

The focus of how the build environment functions as a determining factor for people’s health and well-being is by no means a new study topic. European urban design history is rich with examples and best case practices in this regard. When considering how to provide a Healthy City it is highly beneficial to consult these best case practices.

The nature and quality of the urban environment has a profound impact on all three levels of health; both physical health, mental health, and social health, the latter influencing the two others interdependently.

IFHP: Making Citites Healthier (Film
WHO: International Healthy Cities Congress (Key-Note + Masterclass
IFHP: Urban Health Conference (Workshop Session)  
DAC: Can Cities Make Us Healthier? (Article
EUROPAN: 1st prize Masterplan Plan D’Aou, Marseille, France (in collaboration with archi_lab) (PDF)

In recent years the profession of urban design & planning has been presented the challenge of public health improvement. There are indicators that facilitation of physical activity in certain urban spaces de facto discriminates certain user groups. To understand the mechanisms & parameters of city life practices that produce this unfortunate situation, the notion of Body Culture has proven very helpful. 

Kristiansand Waterfront Park which received the Nordic Green Space Award 2013 (PDF)
Article: ‘Er der også plads til piger i det aktive byrum?’, Arkitektur N, no. 07/13, p. 46-55 (PDF)
Municipal Quality Check List for Urban Outdoor Recreation
Body Culture in Urban Space, mappings & methods; KADK 2013